FILE PHOTO: The logo of Amnesty International is seen next to director of Mujeres en Linea Luisa Kislinger, during a press conference to announce the results of a study of people human rights violations committed in Venezuela during the protests against President Nicolas Maduro in Caracas, Venezuela, 20 February 2019. REUTERS/Carlos Jass
LONDON (Reuters) – Amnesty International fell the electric vehicle (EV) industry on Thursday to sell itself as environmentally friendly, while the production of many of the batteries use of polluting fossil fuels and unethically sourced from the minerals.
The production of batteries can be carbon-intensive, while the extraction of minerals that are used in this is linked to human rights violations such as child labour, a declaration of the rights of the group said.
“Electric vehicles are the key to the shifting of the auto industry away from fossil fuels, but at this moment they are not as ethical as some shops would like us to believe,” he said, the announcement of the initiative on the Nordic Electric Vehicle Summit in Oslo.
The production of lithium-ion batteries for EVs is power intensive and factories are concentrated in China, South Korea and Japan, where power generation is largely dependent on coal or other fossil fuels, Amnesty said.
The global car manufacturers invest billions of dollars to invest in the electric vehicle production. German giant Volkswagen for a plan to increase annual production of electric cars to 3 million in 2025, $ 40,000 in 2018.
Amnesty demanded the EV industry with an ethical and clean the battery within five years and in the meantime that carbon footprints and supply chains of the main minerals identified.
Last month, a letter seen by Reuters found that 14 non-governmental organisations such as Amnesty and Global Witness was against the plans of the London Metal Exchange to prohibit the cobalt tainted by human rights violations.
Instead of the banning of the cobalt marks, the LME should work with the companies that produce them to ensure responsible acids, ” she said.
Reporting by Eric Onstad; Editing by Jan Harvey