October is the month of chestnuts to pick it up. But how do you distinguish between the edible sweet chestnut tree on the island, the wild chestnut tree? And what do you end up with the fruits to do? NU.nl ask Jael Bergwerff, a forester in the woods of the Veluwe.
The sweet and horse-chestnuts are sometimes confused with each other. However, they are not even related to each other: they belong to a different plantengeslachten. And that is reflected in their Latin name. The wild chestnut tree, also known as the white or horse chestnut is called, it is called Aesculus hippocastanum, sweet chestnut Castanea sativa.
“It’s only the sweet chestnut are edible,” says Bergwerff. The wild fruits are bitter and inedible. They are slightly toxic. Signs of poisoning can occur after the eating of horse chestnut trees, are nausea, abdominal pain, irritation in the mouth or throat, and vomiting, according to the National Poison Information Centre (NVIC).
Any Tips for the picking of the chestnuts
- Check out the Wildplukwijzer where the sweet chestnut can be found
- To do in the garden or work on
- Don’t forget a bag or bucket to take with you
- You’ll recognize the wild-horse-chestnut like this: composite sheet, which is relatively smooth-shelled, round, metal
- You can tell a sweet chestnut tree, so: not a compound leaf, the spiky-shelled, flat-topped tree
The differences between the sweet and horse-chestnuts,
“If you know what to look out for the sweet chestnut is fairly easy to recognize in the leaves, and the coffee husks,” says Bergwerff. The horse chestnut is a compound leaf. The leaves are large, and have a serrated edge, and they seem to have a hand with five to seven fingers. The leaves of the sweet chestnut tree looks like, although in that of the wild tree, but if you look closely, you can see that the chestnut is not composed of a leaf as it is long, and goes very wide.
The shells of the chestnuts, the bolsters are different. Bergwerff: “The shell of a wild tree, it is quite smooth, with here and there a thorn, as in the husk of the sweet chestnut tree is full of spines that can really sting. Tip: do the garden and work gloves, if you’re going to pick it up.
And the chestnut itself, there is also a different story. The wild horse-chestnut, is with a lighter spot on it. The chestnuts have a flat side and an edge, with a white feathers.
The sweet chestnut tree has a thing with white feathers. (Image: 123RF)
Also, wild fruits are very popular, especially among pre-schoolers
Chestnuts, turnips, is extremely popular, even in the woods of the Veluwe, where Bergwerff, when as a forester for the state Forestry service is working. “By the way, are not only tame, but even the horse-chestnuts in demand. Especially for pre-school children in order to be creative.”
The places in which it is known that there is a sweet chestnut tree in front of them are sometimes a very popular, know Bergwerff. Definitely one of the trees in The Plukwijzer are marked. This can be, incidentally, also the places where you get fruits, nuts, and vegetables in the wild, you can pick to add it.
Chestnuts can be eaten raw food, roasting, baking, or cooking
Once you come home with a bag of chestnuts: so, what can you do with it? “You can get them eating raw, roasting, baking, boiling, and freezing,” says Bergwerff. Yourself to eat the fruits with the family, love cooking with brussels sprouts, and peanut sauce.
Baking, or roasting, it can, after the removal of the coffee husks – on the grill or in a fire, but also in the oven, the airfryer. Notch, however, is always at the top of the tree (with the feathers), a cross, or else to bounce off of them like pop corn in the air. If they had been a minute or ten to fifteen, are opengesprongen, they are cooked and ready to eat.