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A damning report from the United Nations says that the world’s oceans are undergoing dramatic, accelerating change. And the risks that go along with these changes in climate are increasing in size, threatening hundreds of millions of people, and the global economy itself.
The report, drawn up by the United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), points to the changes that take place as a result of the increase in the emission of greenhouse gases, including but not limited to, sea level is rising by three feet by 2100; with significantly fewer fish in the oceans; stronger hurricanes; and the frequent flooding of coastal cities such as New York city.
“Global warming has already reached a 1 [degrees celsius] above pre-industrial levels, as a result of the past and the present, greenhouse gas emissions,” a press release issued in conjunction with, the report said. “There is overwhelming evidence that this will lead to serious consequences for the ecosystem and for the people. The sea is getting warmer, more acidic and less productive. The melting of glaciers and polar ice caps are causing sea-level rise, and coastal extreme events are becoming more and more severe.”
FILE – In this Friday, Sept. 6, 2019 at the latest image file, a coastal storm surge of the Hurricane, Hotel blocks, to Cedar Island, off the coast of the mainland and the NC-12, Atlantic Beach, N. C., in the aftermath of Hurricane Dorian managed to get the coast. A special un-connected to the oceans and the ice cream to a report published on Wednesday, Sept. 24, 2019 at the latest, projects three feet of sea-level rise at the end of the century, much less a fish, a weakening of the ocean currents, and even less to the snow and ice, and nastier hurricanes are caused by global warming. (AP Photo/Tom Copeland)
PLASTIC POLLUTION IN THE WORLD’S OCEANS WOULD BE ABLE TO HAVE A $2.5 TRILLION IMPACT, SAYS STUDY
The report, which was prepared by more than 100 scientists from 36 countries all over the world, and was adopted by the 195 of the intergovernmental panel on climate change, governments of the member states. Hoesung Lee, president of the intergovernmental panel on climate change, he said, that in all parts of the world, from the highest mountains to the deepest parts of the ocean, it is affected in a easier and faster way.
“To the sea, to the north Pole to the south Pole, and the tops of the mountains, it seems far too many people,” Lee said in a news release. “However, we are dependent on them and influenced by them, both directly and indirectly in many ways – from the weather and the climate, food, water, energy, trade, transport, leisure and tourism, health and well-being, culture, and identity.”
Six hundred and seventy million people live in the mountains, and 680 million people living in low-lying coastal regions, and 4 million to live “permanently” in the Arctic region, and it is some 65 million people live in the small island developing states among them, according to the report.
“The oceans are the icy parts of the world will be in big trouble, and that means that we’re all in big trouble,” says one of the lead authors, Michael Oppenheimer, professor of geosciences and international affairs at Princeton University, told the Associated Press. “The changes to speed things up.”
The press release notes that “without large-scale investment in adaptation, and the rising flood risks are likely to be a number of that could lead to “a number of island nations to become uninhabitable “due to it’s climate related, ocean and cryosphere will change.”
NEW YORK CITY COULD BE SEEN FROM THE “ONCE-IN-A-LIFETIME’ FLOODS IN EACH YEAR OF THE 5-YEAR
The changes, which previous reports have been able to reduce almost all of the” economies of the world by 2100, will have an impact on the people, the plants, the food, the clubs, the infrastructure, and in addition to the global economy.
As the oceans absorb more than 90 per cent of the excess heat from the carbon dioxide pollution in the air, as well as a lot of the carbon dioxide itself. The warm waters below the sky and trap the heat for longer and with greater side-effects, and the report links these seas with the Earth’s snow-and ice-called the cryosphere, because it is their future, are connected to each other.
“The world’s oceans, and the cryosphere have been taking the heat for climate change for decades to come. The implications for the nature and the development of blisters, will be more severe,” said Ko Barrett, vice-chairman of the intergovernmental panel on climate change, and deputy assistant administrator for research from the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, in a release.
The intergovernmental panel on climate change report adds to an earlier report from the U. N. that some of the coastal areas, towns and cities that are in the Arctic region will have to take it. In the previous report, which was published on the 25th of June, the United Nations Human Rights Council, warned of a possible “climate apartheid,” may be in breach of the world’s population, and the division of the planet between the wealthy and the rest of the world will be left to suffer.”
THE CLIMATE OF THIS SECTION VIRTUALLY ALL OF THE ECONOMIES OF THE WORLD BY 2100, STUDY WARNS
The report also notes that some of the changes in the Earth’s climate by man-made events that could not be stopped, such as a number of sea-level rise. The report revealed that the seas will be increasing to 3.66 millimeters per year, compared with an earlier estimate of 3 mm.
FILE – in This early Friday, Oct. 16, 2019 is not a file photo shows an aerial view of the huge Icebergs floating in the sun rises in the neighbourhood of Kulusuk, Greenland. Greenland has been melting faster over the last decade, and this summer, you may have noticed that two of the biggest melts on record in 2012. A special un-connected to the oceans and the ice cream to a report published on Wednesday, Sept. 24, 2019 at the latest, projects three feet of sea-level rise at the end of the century, much less a fish, a weakening of the ocean currents, and even less to the snow and ice, and nastier hurricanes are caused by global warming. (AP Photo/Felipe Dana)
Global sea levels have risen by 3.2 inches, and since 1993, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
Other key findings from the report include:
- The world’s oceans have already lost 1 percent to 3 percent of the oxygen at its highest levels since the 1970’s. If the temperature of the earth, the ocean will lose oxygen.
- From 2006 to 2015, the ice is melting in Greenland, Antarctica, and the world of the mountains, the glaciers, has been increasing and is now up to the loss of about 720 billion tons (653 billion tonnes of ice each year.
- Be replaced by June, the snow has shrunk more than half since 1967 and down nearly 1 million square miles (2.5 million square kilometers).
- The arctic sea ice in September, the annual minimum is close to 13 per cent per decade since 1979. This year has been low, but, on Monday, tied for the second-lowest on record. If carbon pollution continues unabated, by the end of the century, there will be a 10 percent to 35 percent chance that the sea-ice disappears in the Arctic in September.
- Marine species are the most likely to be a reduction of 15 per cent, and the volume of fish caught by the fishing industry, in general, it is expected to fall from 21 per cent to 24 per cent by the end of the century, as a result of climate change.
THE MELTING OF THE PERMAFROST IN THE ARCTIC WILL BE $70 BILLION IMPACT, NEW STUDY SAYS
The report is conservative in some projections, including those from the various levels of ice loss in Greenland and Antarctica, NASA oceanographer Josh Willis who is not a part of the study, told the AP.
“We haven’t done a review of our sea level rise projections, and we won’t be out for a while,” Willis said, adding that a sea-level rise from the intergovernmental panel on climate change projections, it is possible to.
In spite of the grim nature of the report and explained that some of the changes in the global climate can no longer be stopped, all hope is not lost. It calls on governments around the world have to act and take swift action in an attempt to mitigate some of the detrimental effects.
“If we are to reduce emissions significantly, having an impact on the people and their resources has been a challenge, but it can be easier to manage for those who are most vulnerable,” Lee said in the release. “We are increasing our capacity to build resilience, and there will be more benefits for sustainable development.”
“Cutting greenhouse gas emissions to limit the effects on the ocean ecosystems, which provide us with food, with the support of our health and shape our cultures, and Hans-Otto Pörtner, and co-chair of the intergovernmental panel on climate change working group II, all agreed. “For the reduction of other problems such as pollution, will help the marine life to cope with changes in their environment, while enabling a more resilient ocean.”
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The Associated Press contributed to this report.