The title of the book is «Just like a Girl». The book was published in 1976. The author of the book is Sue Sharpe. Basing work of her book on the results of a survey at four Ealing schools (involving both English and immigrant girls). The book is addressed to young girls. The topic of the book is how girls learn to be women. The book consists of 9 chapters. I read chapter number five is «A nice job for a girl». I will give you a short pr&#233;cis of this chapter. The chapter discusses the problem of choice careers for girls. The chapter includes 4 parts. They are: Expectations, Working with people, «Careers for girls», «Girls don’t do this job».
First part considers the girls expectations of careers choice. The girls from the Ealing schools had already gathered some firm ideas about future careers, and why they thought they would like them. Office-work is the favourite work for girls. The popularity of office-work points to its respectability and to the way it can accommodate a wide range of girls varying in their intelligence and qualifications. The next most popular jobs were teaches, nurses, shop assistant and bank clerks.
Following these were girls who wished to become receptionists, telephonists, air-hostesses, hairdressers and children nannies. The Ealing girls were attracted by this work because they hoped to do interesting things, meet people, travel and earn good money. The author thinks that in reality, these hopes may prove something of a disappointment. Even if a girl’s father or mother works in a factory themselves, they express hopes that their daughters will find something better.
The second part is devoted to working with people. of the legacy of women’s role is that they should be involved less with caring and looking after others. This was illustrated by the comments from the Ealing girls on the jobs they expected to get. Many of those Ealing girls who wanted to go into some kind of secretarial or office-work spoke enthusiastically about the different people they hoped to meet, and for others “people involvement” acted as the determining factor in their choices. The author stresses that, continual attendance on the needs of other people at work, as at home, leaves little time or energy for self-expression. Girl’s dreams are increasingly invaded by love, romance, which are modeled on the glamorous actresses and film stars that they might dream of becoming themselves.
The third part contains information on common careers for girls. When it is time to think about choosing careers, the sources that girls have to draw on are the images found in books and magazines, on television and through observing and discussing with the people immediately around them.
The author states that in spite of wide range careers nevertheless girls selects traditional feminine careers. It is not easy to strike out on your own when school has consistently encouraged conformity to convention and regulation. The necessity of further training also scares away many prospective girl candidates. They do not realize that they can learn in an atmosphere which is much freer than school, and about subjects which can be more interesting or have more direct application to their jobs.
In the fourth parts the author points out kinds of careers which girls neglect selects.
Girls had accepted that if a job was categorized as man’s work, it was therefore not right, or suitable, or interesting, or appropriate for a girl. They mentioned stereotyped female characteristics that are said to make them incapable of coping with certain sorts of work. Girls learn in school that much of the work men do is associated with “male” characteristic such as aggression, strength, stamina, competitiveness, ambition, and a technical or analytical mind, which are qualities that conflict with the myth of “femininity”. The author has not described these reactions in order to provoke either surprise or pessimism but to show how much the nodivisions need, to be questioned and discussed as well as making changes in the real job structure.
I found the chapter important because this topic is actuality for schoolgirls. My opinion is that the choice of careers is successful if three of component coincides. They are attraction, opportunity, demand. Attraction is your wish to work the careers, interest and enthusiasm. Opportunity is your capabilities to the career. Demand is need of society at the career. The choice of one’s career is a very serious choice. Hence you should consult a psychologist on this question. He will take occupational orientation testing and help to select the career range for you. This choice determines all course of your further life.