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Pre-eclampsia is a potentially life-threatening complication for pregnant women in the world.
Although the doctors checking blood pressure and protein in the urine during pregnancy, the condition is often not diagnosed until close to the delivery. The most severe cases can even cause organ damage or death as a result of an elevated blood pressure.
Approximately 4 percent of pregnant women with pre-eclampsia in the U.S., according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). However, the british researchers now have a test which women are diagnosed as in the past, the avoidance of dangerous complications.
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A King’s College London research team has successfully used placental growth factor (PlGF) blood test to aid doctors in the process. The study was published in the journal Lancet in April 2019.
For testing, the researchers randomly assigned more than 1,000 women with suspected pre-eclampsia two groups.
One group was for the usual pre-eclampsia monitoring and diagnosis in addition to PlGF test hidden of doctors. The other showed that the results of the blood test to aid the diagnosis.
The researchers found that the PlGF test decreased the time to diagnosis by 64 percent, Medscape reported. The hidden group was given a diagnosis of pre-eclampsia after 4.1 days versus the revealed group 1.9.
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More importantly, that women are less risk of serious complications such as stroke or death: 4 percent versus 5 percent in the revealed and hidden groups, respectively.
These results are ground-breaking consequences—pre-eclampsia, patients can receive an accurate diagnosis and treatment faster. Patients can settle their worries and focus on a healthy delivery.
In the study, the authors wrote: “Women with pre-eclampsia are often asymptomatic, even with severe disease.
“Diagnosis Is based on clinical features such as hypertension and increased urinary protein excretion, both of which are subject to observer error, heterogeneity in test accuracy, and an insufficient ability of clinicians to predict major adverse pregnancy outcomes.”
In other words, doctors have used on the symptoms for the diagnosis for a year, but for some patients not. This is the fact that the diagnosis can be complicated, leading to serious risks that can be avoided.
This blood test can solve that problem, at least in part. According to Medscape, diagnosis, and treatment of pre-eclampsia has not changed much in the last 100 years—until now.
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Experts believe that the condition can be linked to the placenta problems. However, experts do not fully understand the cause of pre-eclampsia. A blood test as this can help in pregnant women, regardless of that fact.
The NHS in England already has plans for the roll-out of the PlGF blood test in the country, according to the Independent.