Saturn’s moon, Titan, has a unique surface finish that is hard to see due to the carbon dioxide-rich atmosphere.
(NASA/JPL/University of Arizona)
Big, schmancy joints are popping up all over the solar system, and the new research may help in clearing up the confusion on how they are shaped in so many different places.
That study was based on a laboratory experiment motivated by a strange whim of scientists have commented on the vast expanses of dunes on Saturn’s moon, Titan. The dunes are full of compounds called polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, which are ring-like structures. On Titan, the dunes supply a significant portion of the moon is the carbon. And because of that, the moon is one of astrobiologists is a more tempting quarry, for it may be able to find a life outside of the Earth, carbon is matter.
“The dunes are quite large,” the study’s senior author, Ralph Kaiser, a chemist at the University of Hawaii at Manoa, said Space.com almost as big as the Great Pyramid in Egypt, he added. “If you want to make sense of the carbon dioxide and the carbon dioxide cycle and the process of hydrocarbons on Titan, it’s really important to understand, of course, is the main source of carbon comes from.”
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On Titan, there is a simple mechanism for scientists to know the probable build of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: These large molecules are able to form into the moon’s thick atmosphere, and to draw it to the surface to be cleaned. But it is the same family of compounds is to be found in many of the worlds that have no atmosphere such as the dwarf planet Pluto and the asteroid Ceres and the Kuiper Belt object Makemake.
Kaiser and his colleagues wanted to find out how polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, could come to exist in a world that lacks an atmosphere to create. And when the researchers looked at the Titan and saw they have an idea of Where the dunes are, there’s not a lot of carbon dioxide ices which are very general, in that of the moon.
The researchers wondered whether a second process, on the surface, it would be able to spawn (ices, such as acetylene, in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. In particular, the scientists are thinking that the culprit may have been galactic cosmic rays, energetic particles that are reflected back into the room.
Therefore, the researchers designed an experiment: Take out a number of the acetylene ice to bring in a process that mimics the galactic cosmic rays, and find out what’s going on. They’re made of the effect of 100 years of pummeling on this matter, it is the measurement of quantities of the various substances that were being formed.
Scientists have discovered the different flavors of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. This will be presented to the management team of the interaction between the carbon dioxide ices, and galactic cosmic rays would be able to explain the prevalence of lines, even where there is no atmosphere for them.
“This is a very versatile process that can happen anywhere,” Kaiser said. This includes not only the Titan, but also of the other moons, and asteroids, but even the grains of the interstellar dust and related solar systems, ” he said.
Next, he and his companion (s) to the pins to which a specific process that is the cause of the transformation of the Kaiser, he said. That’s going to be hard, ” he said, since it’s ionizing radiation that is used to simulate the galactic cosmic radiation consists of multiple processes running at the same time.
The line of research is intriguing, aesthetically as well as scientifically, Michael Malaska, who is a study of planetary ices at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in California, who was not involved in the current research, told us Space.com in an e-mail. Their work further supports the fact that some of Titan’s sand, it can glow pretty colors under the UV light,” he wrote.
The study was described in an article published yesterday (Oct. 16) in the journal of the Science of the times.
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Editor’s note: This story was updated with comments from Michael Malaska.