The woman was buried with her head resting on a pillow, which suggests that they are an elite position in the community. (Credit: Wessex Archaeology)
Archaeologists have discovered what may be the graves of the 50’s, to the slave workers who worked at one of the elite of the Roman villa, which has just under 2,000 years ago in what is now the south of England.
These are tombs from the Roman period in the United Kingdom, from A. D. 43 To A. D. 410. Many of the dead were buried with grave goods such as pottery and brooches, in what is now Somerset is a county in the south west of England.
“It’s pretty rare to have to dig out of this a number of Roman tombs in the region, but particularly in this case, we are satisfied that all of the graves are of people who were working at an ancient Roman villa in a prestigious residential area,” said Steve Membery, senior historic environment officer at the South West Heritage Trust in the Uk, which is overseeing the archaeological dig.
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These workers are not likely to get paid for their work, he said.
“They are the most likely to be the household servants, agricultural workers, and a lot of people have this kind of technical in nature, however, that” Membery, told Science in an e-mail. “So, this is a rare opportunity to take a look at an example of a community.”
This community seems to be more of an indigenous culture in the area, and it seems to have merged in the iron age and the Roman period burial practices. Some of the buried individuals probably have held a high status within their community Membery added to it. For example, one elderly woman was buried with her head on a pillow, in a stone-built, coffin-like box, known as a cist was likely to be a very important person, ” he said.
The archaeologists have also found small nails at the base of one of the tombs, which indicates that a lot of people were laid to rest in the leather hobnail boots, according to The Guardian.
“The tombs are also in the early days of the Roman funeral practices, including the selection, in addition to the traditional Iron-Age features,” Membery said in a statement. It is likely that they were in the Uk, individuals who began the custom of the Roman invaders, but a DNA test will be needed to support that idea, and Membery should be noted.
Archaeologists have found burials, while surveying the area for the construction of a new high school. The tombs were dug into the bedrock, with many of the tops and bottoms are covered with a flat stone to make a coffin. Some of the graves had been tented tiles for roofing, which is not very common in this area, Membery said.
The archaeologists have also found traces from the Iron Age round-shaped homes, as well as a new building in the area. The house itself has not yet been found, but it is a barn and a shed, which may be part of the have been discovered, The Guardian reported.
At the time of the excavation, the researchers from Wessex Archaeology found a number of treasures, including pottery, which were placed beside the heads of the majority of the previous campaign. These jars were most likely offer Membery said.
In addition, the team will have to find a coin with the effigy of the Roman emperor Vespasian (who ruled from A. D. 69 to 79), carved out of bone that was probably part of a knife handle, and an unusual lead, so that was probably part of a survey instrument called the groma, which is similar to a sextant.
“It is a great discovery — the most detailed modern excavation of a Roman cemetery in the Town,” Membery said.
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Originally published on Live Science.